- CatherineCatherine1 [kath′ər in]n.[Fr < L Catharina, Ecaterina < Gr Aikaterinē; form and meaning infl. by katharos, pure, unsullied]a feminine name: dim. Cathy, Kate, Kathy, Kit, Kitty; var. Catharine; equiv. It. Caterina, Ir. Kathleen, Russ. Ekaterina, Scand. Karen, Sp. Catalina, CatarinaCatherine2 [kath′ər in]1. Saint (4th cent. A.D. ); Christian martyr of Alexandria: her day is Nov. 252. Saint (1347-80); It. Dominican: her day is April 29: in full Saint Catherine of Siena3. Catherine I 1684?-1727; wife of Peter the Great; empress of Russia (1725-27)4. Catherine II 1729-96; German-born empress of Russia (1762-96): called Catherine the Great
English World dictionary. V. Neufeldt. 2014.